WALLINGFORD BRIDGE

1910: Wallingford in Thames Valley Villages by Charles G Harper

2009:

South Oxfordshire District Council, has submitted a planning application to build 136 metres of moorings to boost the town’s tourist industry and encourage boaters to stay in the town instead of heading up-river to Abingdon.

But river users have warned the proposed moorings on the east bank of the River Thames will be so high that the project may become a white elephant.

The council has warned that if the design is changed, it could threaten the roots of historic trees lining the riverbank. The moorings will range from between 0.7 metres and 1.5 metres above the average summer high-tide mark.

Its a year or two yet before Global warming causes the river at Wallingford to be tidal!

Oxford University Boathouse

Right bank, a few hundred yards below Wallingford Bridge
Opened in 2007 (see Boathouses in the Oxford section)

OUBC Wallingford
The new Oxford University Boathouse

 

OUBC Wallingford
The new Oxford University Boathouse

Wallingford Rowing Club

Right bank below Wallingford Bridge.

Wallingford Bridge
Wallingford Bridge

Wallingford History website
 
Camping: beside river - Riverside Park, The Street, Wallingford, Oxon, OX10 8EB
01491 835232. 25 pitches, May to September, WC, showers, wash basins, shop, swimming/paddling
 
Camping:  400 yards from river - Bridge Villa Caravan and Camping International, The Street, Crowmarsh Gifford, Wallingford, Oxon OX10 8HB
01491 836860. 111 pitches, 1st February to 31st December, WC, Elan disposal, showers, wash basins, shaver points, shop, hair dryer points, ironing facilities.
 
937?:  See the comment on Shillingford Bridge.
 
1066: William the Conqueror crossed the Thames here
 
1153:  King Stephen built a strong wooden tower at the foot of the bridge over the Thames.
 
1250: First stone bridge built by Richard, brother of Henry III.
 
1344:  Grant of ‘pontage’ (dues payable for crossing) “The structure threatened to become a ruin”.
 
1530:  Leland – “A large thing of stone over the Tamise”  Extensive repairs were made in this year.
 
1633:  The Navy Authority complain that no barge wider than 16 ft 4in. could pass.
 
1646:  During the civil war four arches were removed and wooden drawbridges substituted.
 
1671:  In one of the plague years we hear of wardens being “sett at the bridge to keep out all Crowmarsh and Newnham people out of Wallingford”.
 
1692:  Baskervile – “Wallingford Bridge is 310 yards over & has 19 Arches”
 
1751:  The civil war damage was made good. The four removed arches were rebuilt in brick with stone facing.
 
1792: Samuel Ireland -

The antiquity of the bridge, from its appearance, seems to vie with the oldest structure of the kind on the Thames : it is truly Gothic, and of immense strength. The pointed angular sterlings on the upper side are so well constructed, as to be capable of resisting the most violent torrent of water from the winter floods.

Oh dear - you really shouldn't say things like that - see 1809

Wallingford Ireland 1792
Wallingford Bridge and Church, Samuel Ireland, 1792

1793:  Wallingford Bridge and Church, Boydell

 

Wallingford Boydell 1793
Wallingford. June 1, 1793. J. Farington R.A. delt. J.C. Stadler sculpt.
(Published) by J. & J. Boydell, Shakespeare Gally. Pall Mall & (No. 90) Cheapside (London).

1809: Five arches were so damaged by flood that they had to be rebuilt.  They were replaced by three wider arches. At the same time the bridge was widened by adding about seven feet on its north side and a toll house erected midway across the bridge.
 
1812: Wallingford Bridge during the rebuilding from Havell's "Picturesque Views of the River Thames" (Black & White copy in "The Story of the Thames" by J E Vincent) -

1812:  Wallingford Bridge
1812: Wallingford Bridge

In the above fascinating picture various things stand out -
 
I think the two men on the temporary platform to the left of the pillar foundation are operating a handpump. The output of the pump can be seen cascading into the river.
 
The two men inside the pillar footings are working on the foundations with a simple rope and pulley to lift stones from boats and lower them into place.
 
The two barges have as their sole means of propulsion one punter. Presumably they would have been normally towed by horses (or men) and in the picture are simply manoeuvring near the building works.
 
On the right is possibly a temporary bridge with cattle being driven across.
 
1834: Tombleson -


Wallingford Bridge, Tombleson, 1834

1880: Wallingford Bridge and Church, Henry Taunt -

Wallingford Bridge and Church, Henry Taunt, 1880
Wallingford Bridge and Church, Henry Taunt, 1880
© Oxfordshire County Council Photographic Archive; HT2420

1881: The toll gate was removed.
 
1881:  George Leslie – “Wallingford Bridge is a good old stone one”
 
1886: Julia Isham Taylor “Down the Thames” writes as an American:

Have we anything, though, in this new world so delightful to the eye as the rural English bridges? I can think of nothing to compare with those low reposeful arches of dark moss-smeared stone rising from the shallow meadow streams, their every line in rhythm with the sluggard water and the placid fields.  They are the very epitome of English pastoral.

1891: The Stream of Pleasure, Joseph & Elizabeth Robins Pennell -

 

Our resting place for the night was Wallingford, a town with much history and little to show for it ...
A band kept on playing while we ate our tea with a party of flannelled record-breakers who were in fine spirits. They blew their own trumpets almost as loud as the cornets outside because they had sculled twenty miles since morning.
"Not bad for the first day out, by Jove, you know!"
"Twenty miles," said Joseph, not in the least impressed; "Why, we may have come only eight by the map, but it was full twenty and a half by [our] steering."

[ If I may sound my own trumpet, since no one else will, I have managed twenty four miles a day, punting. ]
 
1899:  Below Wallingford Bridge, Francis Frith -

1899:  Below Wallingford Bridge, Francis Frith
1899:  Below Wallingford Bridge, Francis Frith

1906: G E Mitton –

The bridge is fair, and, seen from below, where a weeping willow falls softly over one bank, the view is pretty.

1909:  Mortimer Menpes -

Wallingford Bidge 1909
Wallingford Bridge in 1909

1912: The south wall was buttressed between arches No.5 and No.8, and a flight of steps leading to the meadow on the north side was built.
 
1929: A Thames Survey -

Wallingford Bridge on the site of an old Saxon ford or wooden bridge. First stone bridge built about 1250 by Richard, brother of Henry III. Four arches (one blocked) of this bridge still exist.
In 1530 extensive repairs carried out. In 1646 four arches were removed and wooden drawbridges substituted during the siege of Wallingford; but in 1751 these four arches were rebuilt of brick with stone facings. In 1809 five arches, damaged by floods, were taken down and three wider arches erected in their place; also the whole bridge was widened 7 feet on the north side and the toll-house erected midway across the bridge. In 1881 the toll-gate was removed. In 1912 the south wall was buttressed between arches No.5 and No.8, and a flight of steps leading to the meadow on the north side was built.
The Mary Grace, an ancient chapel over the west end of the bridge, was partly demolished during the Civil Wars, and its ruins, as an embattled building over the bridge, are shown in several prints prior to 1809.
Wallingford Bridge appears to be entirely adequate to meet the present volume of traffic, and by reason of its beauty and historical interest it should be preserved.
Note. - There is a flood-mark on the bridge just below the crown of the arches indicating the high-water mark in 1894.
It should be pointed out that if the bridge were again widened it would necessitate also the widening of the High Street, which is most undesirable. As the bridge is, however, limited to vehicles of ten tons, some consideration should be given in the future for an east-and-west by-pass and new bridge elsewhere that will carry loads greater than ten tons. There would appear to be no necessity at present for this project to be carried out.

1999:-

Wallingford Bridge 1999
Wallingford Bridge in 1999.

 

Wallingford Bridge, Doug Myers © 2005
Wallingford Bridge, Doug Myers © 2005

 

1792: Samuel Ireland -

The spire of the church was built about eighteen years since, at the sole expence of the late Judge Blackstone; and, though singular in its taste, is not an unpleasing object.

1881: George Leslie -

Wallingford Bridge is a good old stone one, but the gas-works and spire of the church spoil the effect of the bridge, and give a taint of ugliness to the place, which the fine old town itself does not deserve.

1885: The Royal River –

Against the bridge rises the tall and unutterably inelegant spire of St Helen's Church, the hideous product of a mind unhappily diverted from law to ecclesiology ...
St Peter’s is the burial-place of Sir William Blackstone, “one of the judges of His Majesty’s Superior Courts at Westminster”, and Recorder of Wallingford, who built the flint tower, with its uncomfortable spire – both monuments of the architectural decadence – and died in 1780 ...
It is charitable to suppose that his lordship’s legal acumen was superior to his architectural taste.

1886: Julia Isham Taylor “Down the Thames” -

The Church of St Peter at Wallingford contains the bones of Sir William Blackstone who was buried there in 1780.  An unkind tradition accuses Sir William of the design and erection of St Peter’s fearfully mean looking spire, but we made it a point to be skeptical about this legend.

1906: G.E.Mitton -

A conspicuous feature is the steeple of the church near, looking as if it had been joined on to the body without any thought of continuity of style.

There is a slipway above the bridge on west bank beside the Mill House Hotel, Light craft only, access restricted.
 
1881: George Leslie -

The river here being narrow, and not very deep, I am sometimes puzzled to know where all the water has gone to, as the stream is not particularly strong, and there are immense volumes of water just above Benson lock, and plenty down below Moulsford. 
 
A fine baronial sort of residence built of red brick, standing in a small park, skirts the Oxfordshire shore between Wallingford and Benson.

Site of Pollington’s Weir (between Benson & Wallingford)
 
1574:-

Radalphus Pollington caused to be buylt one Locke or Weare over the water of Thamys to force the water to goe to the new erected fullinge mylles upon parcell of the fyshenge in the said water of Thamys of the late King Edwardes

1791:-

Clearing away formearly an Old Lock.  Drawd Operd [upward] of 60 piles.

Wallingford Castle Meadows Northmoor wildlife trust

Castle Meadows are managed by the Northmoor Trust environmental charity, and are home to tawny owls, little owls, bats, and white-legged damselflies. The trust has worked to seed the banks of the Thames with wild flowers, and to encourage water voles to make their homes along the river.

Left bank Centre for Ecology and Hydrology

 
 
 
 
(Upstream to The Boathouse at Wallingford Bridge)




Introduction
Estuary
PLA
QEII Br
Barrier
Tower Br
Custom Ho
London Br
; Frost Fairs
Cannon St Rb
The Great Stink
Southwark Br
Millenium Br
Blackfriars Rb
Blackfriars Br
Waterloo Br
Charing Cross Rb
Westminster Br
Lambeth Br
Vauxhall Br
Victoria Rb
Chelsea Br
Albert Br
Battersea Br
Battersea Rb
Wandsworth Br
Fulham Rb
Putney Br
Hammersmith Br
Barnes Rb
Chiswick Br
Kew Rb
Kew Br
RICHMOND
Twickenham Br
Richmond Rb
Richmond Br
TEDDINGTON
Kingston Rb
Kingston Br
Ditton Slip
Hampton Br
MOLESEY
SUNBURY
Walton Br
Desborough Cut
SHEPPERTON
Chertsey Br
CHERTSEY
M3 Br
Laleham Slip
PENTON HOOK
Staines Rb
Staines Br
Runnymede Br
BELL WEIR
Magna Carta Is
OLD WINDSOR
Albert Br
Datchet
Victoria Br
Black Potts Rb
ROMNEY
Eton
Windsor Br
Windsor Rb
Windsor Slip
Elizabeth Br
BOVENEY
Dorney Lake
York Cut
Summerleaze Fb
MonkeyIsland
New Thames Br
BRAY
Bray Slip
Maidenhead Rb
Maidenhead Br
Below Boulters
BOULTERS
Cliveden
Hedsor
COOKHAM
Cookham Slip
Cookham Br
BourneEnd RFb
Quarry Woods
A404 Br
MARLOW
Marlow Br
Bisham
TEMPLE
HURLEY
Medmenham
Culham Ct
Aston Slip
HAMBLEDEN
Temple Is
Fawley Ct
Remenham
Regatta
Phyllis Ct
Henley Slip
Leander
Red Lion
Henley Br
Angel on Br
Landing
Hobbs Boatyard
Hobbs Slipway
MARSH
Hennerton
Bolney
Wargrave
Shiplake Rb
R.Loddon
SHIPLAKE
Sonning Br
SONNING
Dreadnought
K&A Canal
CAVERSHAM
Reading Br
Caversham Br
Reading Slip
Purley
MAPLEDURHAM
Hardwick Ho
Whitchurch Br
WHITCHURCH
Hartswood Reach
Gatehampton Rb
Goring Gap
Goring Br
GORING
Swan
CLEEVE
Moulsford
Moulsford Rb
Papist Way Slip
Winterbrook Br
Wallingford Br
BENSON
Shillingford Br
R.Thame
DAYS
Burcot
Clifton Hampden
Clifton Church
Clifton H Br
Barley Mow
Long Wittenham
CLIFTON
Appleford Rb
Sutton Courtenay
Sutton Br
CULHAM
Culham Cut Fb
Abingdon Slip
Abingdon
Abingdon Br
ABINGDON
Nuneham Rb
Nuneham
Nuneham Park
Radley Boats
SANDFORD
Rose Island
Kennington Rb
Isis Br
Iffley Mill
IFFLEY
Oxford Rowing
Isis
Donnington Br
Riverside Slip
Boathouses
Punting
Lower Cherwell
Upper Cherwell
Islip
Head of River
Salters Steamers
Folly Br
Bacons Folly
Oxford Fb
Osney Fb
Weir stream
Osney Rb
Bullstake Stream
Osney Marina
OSNEY
Osney Br
Four Rivers
OLD RIVER
CANAL
Medley Weir Site
Medley Fb
Bossoms
Perch
Trout
GODSTOW
Godstow Nunnery
Godstow Br
Thames Br
KINGS
River Evenlode
EYNSHAM
Swinford Br
Oxford Cruisers
PINKHILL
Farmoor
Stanton Harcourt
Bablock Slip
Arks Weir Site
NORTHMOOR
Harts Fb
//Rose Revived
Newbridge
//Maybush
River Windrush
below Shifford
SHIFFORD
Shifford Fb
Tenfoot Fb
Trout Inn
Tadpole Br
RUSHEY
Old Mans Fb
RADCOT
Radcot Cradle Fb
Swan Inn
Radcot New Br
Radcot Old Br
GRAFTON
Eaton Hastings
Kelmscott
Eaton Fb
BUSCOT
Bloomers Hole Fb
Trout Inn
St Johns Br
ST JOHNS
Halfpenny Br
Marina Slip
LIMIT
Inglesham
Hannington Br
Kempsford
Castle Eaton Br
Marston Meysey
A419 Br
Cricklade
SOURCE?
THAMES HEAD
SEVEN SPRINGS