1316: Complaint against John
de Salter, Abbot of Abingdon – for so heightening his weir that both banks
above were often flooded.
His successor was drowned - see Abingdon Bridge.
1649: Abingdon Weir (the word “Lock” is used) built by Sir George Stonehouse and Richard Adams, see photo of 1910.
1790: First Pound Lock built
1805: Abingdon Lock by William Turner of Oxford [not JMW Turner] –
[ I thought at first it might just be Nuneham Lock (I don’t know if it was a pound lock or not) – but compare the heights of the church steeple in this and the 2002 photo – this is Abingdon Lock.]
1805: And then Byrne published this black and white print -
Abingdon from the Thames Navigation, Byrne, 1805.
Who copied whom?
Abingdon Lock, Henry Taunt -
Abingdon Lock, Henry Taunt, 1885
© Oxfordshire County Council Photographic Archive; HT3199
1890: Abingdon, the Lock from downstream, Francis Frith -
1905: Lock rebuilt
1910: Fred Thacker –
When I was through the lock in 1910 Mr. Drew the lockkeeper called my attention to a stone built into the left wall of the midmost of the three weirs -
This locke was bvilded by
Sr George Stonehouse and
Richard Adams Ann. 1649
Abingdon Lock stone, photo by lock keeper Mr Drew, 1910.
Abingdon Lock, 2002
The Swift Ditch is now a weir stream leaving on the RIGHT bank
above the lock. It was at one time the main stream.
955-963: Ethelwolde made the cut which is now the main navigation (according to Leland 1535)
1060: Oxford Petition to make the new stream the main navigation.
1535: Leland –
The chefe stream of Isis ran afore betwixt
Andersey Isle and Culneham, even where now the south End is of Culneham.
Ethelwolde, Abbate of Abbingdon, and after Bishop of Winchestre, yn King Edgares days - caused - a Gut to cum out of Isis by force to serve and purge thofficis of thabbay.
[ Which being translated means that the beautiful course of the Thames at Abingdon, and that lovely bridge, were all accidentally created because a medieval Abbot wanted a flushing lavatory! The monks would then have used this new stream to transport goods to and from the abbey. ]
1577: William Harrison, Description of England -
No part [of the Thames] at the first came so neere the towne as it doth now, till a branch thereof was led thither from the maine streame, thorough the industrie of the monks.
1624: Swift Ditch reopened as main navigation
1790: Main Navigation restored to the Abingdon Stream.