CLIFTON HAMPDEN BRIDGE

CAMPING:   Bridge House Caravan Site, Clifton Hampden, Abingdon, Oxon. OX14 3EH
01865 407725. 30 pitches, April to October, WC, showers, laundry, wash basins, shop.

1910: Clifton Hampden Bridge in Thames Valley Villages by Charles G Harper
Downstream from the bridge was an island (Knapps Ayt)
The original settlement would have been there because the river was fordable in summer.
1607: Clifton Ferry. The ferryman used to sit in the inglenook fireplace in the Barley Mow, watching for customers through the window.

1677:-

... about midsummer a sturgeon eight feet long was take up at Clifton Ferry in County Oxon by some of the family of Dunch of Witman [Wittenham]. Dr John Lamphire eat some of it and Hen[ry] Price of the Blew Boare [?Abingdon] dressed it.

1692:  Baskervile – “At Clifton fferry is a great boat to carry horse & man oover

1792: Samuel Ireland -

FROM Long Wittenham the river winds suddenly towards Clifton, a village in Oxfordshire, where the combination of objects is truly picturesque. A small church, situated on a richly variegated bank, rising almost perpendicularly on the border of the river, (on which the traffic of the ferry-boats gives a perpetually moving picture) cannot but attract the eye of observation. The water here is remarkably shallow, yet perfectly transparent, and beautifully reflects the clear and gravelly bed of the river.

1834:  Pedestrian’s Tour - the ferry boat “continually passing to and fro”
1863:  Bridge Planning, Sheila Llewellyn The View from the Bridge -

Henry Hucks Gibbs had been entertaining the eminent Victorian architect, George Gilbert Scott, and had complained to him that those of his domestic and estate staff who lived in Long Wittenham were often late for work having missed the ferry.
Scott is said to have shot his linen shirt cuff and drawn on it with a pencil, out-lining a design for a seven-arched bridge, altered later to six arches, the building of which would leave the staff with no excuse for lateness.

1864: In the Gibbs' family records -

I Henry Gibbs Hucks built the bridge, Homfray being the engineer, and Gilbert Scott the architect.
The cost was £3,617-15s-10d of which no less than £686-12s-6d was for Parliamentary expenses, including £200 for fees.

[ Probably none of the three named above actually got their hands dirty. The man who did the work was Richard Casey who also built the Toll House and became its first keeper. ]
Here he is in later life, with his wife -

Richard Casey & his wife
Richard Casey, Builder and Toll keeper of Clifton Hampden Bridge, with his wife

And this was Richard Casey's house - the toll house -

Clifton Hampden Tollhouse
Clifton Hampden Bridge Toll House

And these were the tolls he was charged to impose:

CLIFTON HAMPTON BRIDGE
TOLLS PAYABLE AT THIS BRIDGE.
For every horse, or other beast, drawing any coach, stage coach, omnibus, van, caravan, sociable, Berlin, Landau, chariot, vis-a-vis, barouche, Phaeton, wagonette, chaise, marino, caleche, curricle, chair, gig, dog-cart, Irish cart, whiskey, hearse, litter or any like carriage: Six pence For every calf, Pig, Sheep, or Lamb: One farthing
or for a score,
Five pence
For every Carriage drawn or propelled by steam or any means otherwise than animal power, such tolls as are authorised by "The Locomotive Act, 1864"  
For every Horse or other Beast drawing and Waggon, Wain, Cart, or other like Carriage: Four pence For every Foot passenger not being the driver of and engaged in driving or leading any Waggon, Wain, Cart, or other like Carriage: One Penny
For every Horse or Mule, Laden or unladen and not drawing: One penny and one half penny For every person riding in or upon any Waggon, Wain, Cart, or other like Carriage, or riding upon any Horse or Beast, drawing any Waggon, Wain, Cart, or other like Carriage, and not being the driver of the same: Half penny
For every Ass drawing or carrying more than one person: One penny For every person with a Truck, Wheelbarrow, Perambulator or such like conveyance: One penny
For every Ox, Cow, Bull, or neat Cattle:
but for all such cattle in one drove exceeding ten in number:
One penny
One penny each for the first ten, and one Half penny each for the rest.
14th Dec 1864, BY ORDER. G J M Burnett

[ And for breathing within sight of the bridge?
Actually to be fair to Clifton Hampden this was a nationally used scale of charges. ]

1870: View of Clifton Hampden Bridge -

Clifton Hampden Bridge, 1870
Clifton Hampden Bridge, 1870

1873: Taunt's Map and Guide to the Thames -

Clifton Bridge is a neat new brick structure, spanning the river in place of the old ferry; and close below, on the top of a sharp bluff, is the very pretty church.

1877: Clifton Hampden Bridge, Henry Taunt -

Clifton Hampden Bridge, Henry Taunt, 1877
Clifton Hampden Bridge, Henry Taunt, 1877
© Oxfordshire County Council Photographic Archive; HT02043

1881:  George Leslie -

The bridge is of red brick, with ribbed Tudor arches, which will become very beautiful when age has toned them a little.

1885: Dickens's Dictionary of the Thames -

[Clifton Hampden] derives some importance from the new red brick bridge with six pointed arches, built by the lord of the manor in place of the ferry which formerly existed here, the towing-path crossing the river at this point. The toll for horses not drawing vehicles is 1½d., and for foot passengers 1d.

1887: Bridge repaired
1891: The Stream of Pleasure, Joseph & Elizabeth Robbins Pennell -

Once Ruskin, as he stood here by the river with the light of sunset falling upon it, and watched the flaming and fading of the pools among the rushes, and the water hurrying from under the brick arches, saw a little boy run from one side of the bridge to the other, and lean far over the parapet with eyes fixed on the current beneath.
Of what was he thinking, this little boy?
Was it of the hurry of the water, of the beauty of the evening, or had this speed and loveliness already awakened him to higher and holier thoughts?
And as Ruskin wondered, a boat drifted from under the arches into the light, and the little boy, leaning still lower,
spat upon the oarsmen, and dodged quickly and ran away,
and Ruskin went home a sadder, if a wiser, man.

I've met that boy - he threw an apple at me, and quite accurate he was too!

1906:  G.E.Mitton -

The bridge is of red brick, and, with a little toning by weather, will make a capital accessory.

1920: Thacker – "Built", says Dredge, "professedly to match Abingdon and Culham Bridge". 
(He adds: "It appears to me to have been diablement changé en route".)
1929: A Thames Survey -

Clifton Hampden Bridge built entirely of brick about 1863 and repaired in 1887. It consists of five brick arches of varying spans plus an additional arch for flood-water on the Berkshire bank. The bridge is well designed and the bricks are of a pleasant colour and texture. There are no side-walks but triangular recesses over the piers for the safety of pedestrians. Tolls payable at toll-house on the Berkshire side.

1960: Clifton Hampden Bridge, Francis Frith -

1960:  Clifton Hampden Bridge, Francis Frith
1960:  Clifton Hampden Bridge, Francis Frith

1976:-

As an experiment, before we had all become so conservation and environment-conscious, the children of the junior class of Clifton Hampden Village School placed a message in a glass coffee jar and threw it over the bridge parapet into the river.
It negotiated 28 locks and weirs, floated out of the Thames Estuary, and crossed the channel. Ten months later it was washed up unbroken on the beach at St. Malo in Brittany and found by Isabelle, Sylvie and Vero Drevivier who were enjoying their Christmas holiday. When they returned home to Tours they answered the message from the Clifton children, who received the reply three hundred and sixty days from the date of 'posting'.
 
'Highly remarkable and slightly reprehensible' was the comment of a Thames Water Authority elderly spokes-aunty.

1999: Sheila Llewellyn in The View from the Bridge –

There is a remarkable narrow bridge over the River Thames at Clifton Hampden in Oxfordshire, with six elegant arches. It is said to resemble the medieval bridge at Albi south of Nantes in France, though it was built of local bricks.
When you stand in one of the small triangular embrasures above the cutwaters, which thrust upstream into the current, and look around you, it is a peaceful scene, idyllic on a sunny day. Swans, all ringed as cygnets and kept track of, glide in a little bay near the bank, and in their season there are bulrushes and rafts of yellow water lilies. Beneath your feet the water flows smoothly ...

This is the medieval bridge at Albi - look at its scale, height, design, type of river, setting ...

Albi Bridge
Is Albi Bridge like Clifton Hampden Bridge?
Well there is a church downstream on the RIGHT bank

Clifton Hampden Bridge in 2004
Clifton Hampden Bridge in 2004

Clifton Hampden Bridge, Doug Myers © 2005
Clifton Hampden Bridge, Doug Myers © 2005