14 Frith photos of Chelsea
1760: A Prospect of Chelsea Bridge Waterworks –
A Prospect of Chelsea Bridge Waterworks, 1760
1760: The above fascinating print is not all it appears. I think it should
really be entitled "A Prospect of Chelsea Waterworks Bridge". Though the original is understandable
when you realise it was the only Chelsea Bridge at the time!
It was not over the main stream,
but over what appears below as the Grosvenor Canal. The bridge in question is clearly marked
as Chelsea Waterworks Bridge on the map below.
There appears to be a weir. The water is rushing down a slope at the bridge. Notice the small boat with two occupants clinging on grimly to the far bank. Were they attempting to go upstream?
1827: Greenwood's Map of London -
Map showing Chelsea Waterworks Bridge, 1827
1838: 'The Pilgrims of the Thames' by Pierce Brosnan -
Chelsea Reach, 1838
1851: Work began on what was known as “Victoria Bridge”,
designer Thomas Page.
A suspension bridge built very much on the same lines as the first Hammersmith Bridge by Tierney Clarke.
[See also Marlow Suspension Bridge - the only surviving work by Tierney Clarke.]
1852: Chelsea Bridge
1852: “Chelsea Bridge
1858: The Illustrated London News -
... a fair structure, with its beautiful towers gilded and painted to resemble light coloured bronze and crowned with large globular lamps diffusing sunny light all around.
Chelsea Suspension Bridge, 1860
Chelsea Suspension Bridge, 1860
Chelsea Suspension Bridge in 1870
This, unlike other bridges, was a government bridge, built to provide access to the new Battersea Park and the growing suburb of Battersea. £80,000 was borrowed at 4% by the Office of Works to finance its construction, and by the time it was opened unpaid interest had raised the debt to £98,777. The excess of toll revenue, £4,642 in the years 1859-69, over the cost in those years of toll collection, repairs and maintenance averaged only £1,494 , only fractionally over 1.5% of the debt. Toll revenue in the years 1873-5 averaged £5,960 and by 1876 the debt had fallen to £13,000. In 1879, the Metropolitan Board of Works paid £75,000 for the bridge. Thus government lost money on the bridge; whether or not the bridge was intended to service its debt, it failed to do so completely.
1879: Tolls abolished on what was now known as Chelsea Bridge.
1880: Bridge strengthened with additional chain.
1885: Dickens's Dictionary of the Thames -
Chelsea Suspension Bridge is another work by the designer of Westminster Bridge ...
It was made in Edinburgh, and set up in its present position in 1858 at a cost of £80,000.
1920: Recommendation that the bridge be replaced.
1935: Demolition and building of a new bridge
Replaced Thomas Page’s much-admired suspension bridge of 1858.
698 feet long, 83 feet wide. Two 55-foot-tall plain, square towers support the suspension chains from which the roadway is hung. At either end, lamp-posts decorated with golden galleons relieve the otherwise unexciting design.
Architects: G. Topham Forrest and E.F. Wheeler. Engineers: Rendel, Palmer and Triton. Contractor: Messrs Holloway Bros (London) Ltd
1937: Opening by Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King
The home of the Chelsea Pensioners. Left bank above Chelsea Bridge
1802: Picturesque View on the Thames, Samuel Ireland -
Chelsea Hospital, 1802
Chelsea Hospital, 1811
The Canoe, which is seen in the print, has been naturalized to this part of the river by a gentleman, who passes, and has for many years passed, much of his time in such aquatic excursions as this exotic vessel will allow him.
The above was written by William Bernard Cooke in 1811, and the original drawing was by Samuel Owen. I guess one or other of them was in the canoe!
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