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Official Guide to London UK River Thames Boat Services -

7 Frith photos of Lambeth
 
1543: The following quotation from 'The History and Antiquities of the parish of Lambeth' by Thomas Allen, 1827, illustrates how careful historians have to be in interpreting words. There was no Lambeth Bridge in 1543! Or rather what is here illustrated is that 'bridge' is used in an archaic sense to mean any river crossing. That it was by ferry and not fixed can be missed. (See also the modern word 'bridgehead' which does not necessarily imply any fixed structure) -

Anno 1543. Though in the instance next to be cited the same prince [ Henry VIII ] did not enter within the walls of the palace, yet his benevolent visit at Lambeth bridge to Archbishop Cranmer, the then most reverend owner of the house, deserves to be noticed.

The occurrence alluded to is, the king's designedly coming one evening in his barge, and the archbishop standing at the stairs to pay his duty, his majesty called him into the barge, in order to put him into a way to frustrate the malicious contrivances of Bishop Gardiner and others to accomplish his ruin.

The stairs were the steps down to the ferry landing.
For many centuries there was a horse ferry linking Lambeth and Westminster. There were only a few Thames ferries capable of taking a coach and horses. Thus “Horse Ferry Road”

[See also this footnote in 'The New Monthly Magazine', 1839, refering to Westminster Bridge ] -

Till the erection of Westminster-bridge, the Ferry for horses was situated at the bottom of this lane. The bridge, spoken of in books as existing before this erection, was only a wooden platform, projecting some yards into the river, for the convenience of landing or embarking at the palace.


Map: Lambeth Palace, right bank just below Lambeth Bridge

 

Lambeth Palace
Lambeth ~ The Archbishop of Canterbury's Palace

Lambeth Pier, right bank, just above Lambeth Bridge

 

1633: The ferry sank with Archbishop Laud's belongings
 
1647: Lambeth Palace by Wencelaus Hollar -


1647, Lambeth Palace by Hollar (Wikipedia)

1656: The ferry sank with Oliver Cromwell's coach.
 
1664: Permission to build a bridge here was first sought from Parliament but was refused because of strong opposition from the Company of Watermen.

Surrey Quarter Sessions Roll 13 Jul 1665:
William Teroe waterman [and others] late of Lambeth have on diverse occasions since 19th May refused to watch or assist the constable in watching when summoned by Francis Adney parish constable.

Other Tearoe watermen were:
1664 - 1726: William Tearoe, son of William above, married Alice Bromhead.
1710? William Tearoe and Abraham Tearoe, sons of William and Alice Bromhead, and their brother: 1714 -1772: Nahor Tearoe
1750: William Steer Tearoe was the last of the Tearoe watermen, he was bound to his father Nahor 25 Oct 1764 and Made Free 10 Jan 1772.

1688: King James II threw the great seal of office into the river here as he fled from William of Orange. The idea was that without the seal William would be unable to govern.

1706: The Thames at Horseferry, by Jan Griffier -


1706: The Thames at Horseferry by Jan Griffier (Wikipedia)

1738: A Voyage up the Thames, Weddell -

... we found a quicker agitation of our ship, and the waves rolled with more noise and impetuosity; we were told not to be under any apprehension, for that in the calmest weather there was a roughness in that place, which was called Lambeth Reach: Upon this, Gloworm contracted his muscles, and peeping out, pulled in his head and said, he thought we were near the Archiepiscopal Palace ...

1750: The ferry closed when Westminster Bridge opened. The Archbishop of Canterbury (who owned the rights to the ferry) surrendered his rights after receiving compensation

Lambeth 1791, Belanger
A View of Lambeth Church with Westminster Bridge in the distance, Louis belanger, 1791

Lambeth Palace 1792, Ireland
Lambeth Palace, 1792, Samuel Ireland. Westminster Bridge in the distance.

Lambeth Palace 1792, Ireland
Lambeth Palace, 1792, Samuel Ireland.

1809: Parliament agreed a bridge but funds were not forthcoming


Lambeth Palace 1811
Lambeth Palace ~ The Archbishop of Canterbury's Home with Westminster Bridge in the distance, 1811

1827: But plans were firm enough to show the proposed new bridge on Cruchley's Map -

Proposed Lambeth Bridge 1827
Proposed Lambeth Bridge 1827.

1827: A bridge proposal recorded in The History and Antiquities of the Parish of Lambeth -

It is now proposed to erect a cast-iron Bridge, of seven arches, with stone piers and abutments, stretching from Church street, Lambeth, near the Archbishop's palace, (and where a ferry has existed for many years,) to the Horse-ferry road on the opposite shore; and from whence the road will lead directly through Pimlico, into the great Western road at Hyde park corner, and by Grosvenor place, Buckingham-house, Belgrave square, and all the adjacent parts of that improving and wealthy neighbourhood. From the Elephant and Castle, the point from which so many roads diverge, a considerable saving in distance will be effected by this new route, in preference to the road over the Vauxhall or Westminster bridges; a circumstance of itself sufficient (exclusive of all the local advantages) to establish the eligibility of this proposed undertaking. The practicability of the measure will be apparent to all who are conversant with the site; — on each side there are good open roads down to the very banks of the river, and no part of which will require to be raised more than four feet: consequently the enormous expences which other Companies have been put to, in the formation of their approaches, will be here avoided.

1862: Lambeth Suspension Bridge was built by P.W. Barlow –

Lambeth Suspension Bridge, 1862
Lambeth Suspension Bridge, 1862

1869: Lambeth Suspension Bridge opened by Queen Victoria.

Opening of Lambeth Suspension Bridge 1869
Opening of Lambeth Suspension Bridge 1869

 

Lambeth Suspension Bridge
Lambeth Suspension Bridge

Bridge finances -

[Lambeth Bridge] cost only £48,924 . The tolls were let for £2,600 for the first three years, then for £2,690 until 1867, after which the company collected them. Revenue less outgoings averaged £1,147 over the years 1869-77 . The dividend started at 9% but was down to 5% in 1866 and 2.5% by 1871, after which it rose to 3.75% in 1876 . Compensation from the Metropolitan Board of Works in 1879 was only £36.059. Thus, though the bridge initially appeared profitable, its financial performance tailed off considerably.

1879: Tolls abolished.
 
1885: Dickens's Dictionary of the Thames -

Lambeth Bridge is perhaps, on the whole, the ugliest ever built. It was also, when it was built, supposed to be the cheapest. It is a suspension bridge of three spans, and one great economy in its construction consists in the use of wire cables in place of the usual chains.

Lambeth Suspension Bridge
Lambeth Suspension Bridge
Collection of London Transport Museum

1887: Major repairs required.
 
1892: Decision to rebuild.
 
1897: Lambeth Suspension Bridge, James Dredge -

Lambeth Suspension Bridge, James Dredge, 1897
Lambeth Suspension Bridge, James Dredge, 1897
© Oxfordshire County Council Photographic Archive; D230203a

1905: Weight restrictions imposed. A few years later vehicles were banned.
 
1929: the present bridge was constructed with five spans and polished granite facings. 776 feet long, 60 feet wide.
The five arches of the bridge, supported by granite-faced riverpiers, are faced with flat steel plating to disguise the steel skeleton that lies behind. It was painted red (the colour of the seating in the House of Lords), to complement the green colour of Westminster Bridge, (the colour of the seating in the House of Commons).
Originally, decoration was confined to the parapets and lamp standards, but to mark the opening of the bridge lattice-work pylons were added at either end. These obelisks are topped with pineapples, symbols of friendship and hospitality.
Architect: Reginald Blomfield. Engineer: George W. Humphreys. Contractor: Dorman, Long & Co. Ltd

1932: Lambeth Bridge opened by King George V and Queen Mary.

Lambeth Bridge
Opening of the New Lambeth Bridge, 1932

 

Lambeth Bridge
Lambeth Bridge

 

Lambeth Bridge © 2000 Doug Myers
Lambeth Bridge © 2000 Doug Myers

 

Lambeth Bridge PLA
Lambeth Bridge going upstream

Millbank Millenium Pier, left bank

 
 
 
 
Upstream to Vauxhall Bridge





Introduction
Estuary
PLA
QEII Br
Barrier
Tower Br
Custom Ho
London Br
; Frost Fairs
Cannon St Rb
The Great Stink
Southwark Br
Millenium Br
Blackfriars Rb
Blackfriars Br
Waterloo Br
Charing Cross Rb
Westminster Br
Lambeth Br
Vauxhall Br
Victoria Rb
Chelsea Br
Albert Br
Battersea Br
Battersea Rb
Wandsworth Br
Fulham Rb
Putney Br
Hammersmith Br
Barnes Rb
Chiswick Br
Kew Rb
Kew Br
RICHMOND
Twickenham Br
Richmond Rb
Richmond Br
TEDDINGTON
Kingston Rb
Kingston Br
Ditton Slip
Hampton Br
MOLESEY
SUNBURY
Walton Br
Desborough Cut
SHEPPERTON
Chertsey Br
CHERTSEY
M3 Br
Laleham Slip
PENTON HOOK
Staines Rb
Staines Br
Runnymede Br
BELL WEIR
Magna Carta Is
OLD WINDSOR
Albert Br
Datchet
Victoria Br
Black Potts Rb
ROMNEY
Eton
Windsor Br
Windsor Rb
Windsor Slip
Elizabeth Br
BOVENEY
Dorney Lake
York Cut
Summerleaze Fb
MonkeyIsland
New Thames Br
BRAY
Bray Slip
Maidenhead Rb
Maidenhead Br
Below Boulters
BOULTERS
Cliveden
Hedsor
COOKHAM
Cookham Slip
Cookham Br
BourneEnd RFb
Quarry Woods
A404 Br
MARLOW
Marlow Br
Bisham
TEMPLE
HURLEY
Medmenham
Culham Ct
Aston Slip
HAMBLEDEN
Temple Is
Fawley Ct
Remenham
Regatta
Phyllis Ct
Henley Slip
Leander
Red Lion
Henley Br
Angel on Br
Landing
Hobbs Boatyard
Hobbs Slipway
MARSH
Hennerton
Bolney
Wargrave
Shiplake Rb
R.Loddon
SHIPLAKE
Sonning Br
SONNING
Dreadnought
K&A Canal
CAVERSHAM
Reading Br
Caversham Br
Reading Slip
Purley
MAPLEDURHAM
Hardwick Ho
Whitchurch Br
WHITCHURCH
Hartswood Reach
Gatehampton Rb
Goring Gap
Goring Br
GORING
Swan
CLEEVE
Moulsford
Moulsford Rb
Papist Way Slip
Winterbrook Br
Wallingford Br
BENSON
Shillingford Br
R.Thame
DAYS
Burcot
Clifton Hampden
Clifton Church
Clifton H Br
Barley Mow
Long Wittenham
CLIFTON
Appleford Rb
Sutton Courtenay
Sutton Br
CULHAM
Culham Cut Fb
Abingdon Slip
Abingdon
Abingdon Br
ABINGDON
Nuneham Rb
Nuneham
Nuneham Park
Radley Boats
SANDFORD
Rose Island
Kennington Rb
Isis Br
Iffley Mill
IFFLEY
Oxford Rowing
Isis
Donnington Br
Riverside Slip
Boathouses
Punting
Lower Cherwell
Upper Cherwell
Islip
Head of River
Salters Steamers
Folly Br
Bacons Folly
Oxford Fb
Osney Fb
Weir stream
Osney Rb
Bullstake Stream
Osney Marina
OSNEY
Osney Br
Four Rivers
OLD RIVER
CANAL
Medley Weir Site
Medley Fb
Bossoms
Perch
Trout
GODSTOW
Godstow Nunnery
Godstow Br
Thames Br
KINGS
River Evenlode
EYNSHAM
Swinford Br
Oxford Cruisers
PINKHILL
Farmoor
Stanton Harcourt
Bablock Slip
Arks Weir Site
NORTHMOOR
Harts Fb
//Rose Revived
Newbridge
//Maybush
River Windrush
below Shifford
SHIFFORD
Shifford Fb
Tenfoot Fb
Trout Inn
Tadpole Br
RUSHEY
Old Mans Fb
RADCOT
Radcot Cradle Fb
Swan Inn
Radcot New Br
Radcot Old Br
GRAFTON
Eaton Hastings
Kelmscott
Eaton Fb
BUSCOT
Bloomers Hole Fb
Trout Inn
St Johns Br
ST JOHNS
Halfpenny Br
Marina Slip
LIMIT
Inglesham
Hannington Br
Kempsford
Castle Eaton Br
Marston Meysey
A419 Br
Cricklade
SOURCE?
THAMES HEAD
SEVEN SPRINGS