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The bridge and footbridge takes its name from Hungerford Market which was situated on the site of Charing Cross Station.
 
One of Brunel’s design drawings for Hungerford Suspension Bridge -

Hungerford Suspension Bridge, drawn by Brunel
Hungerford Suspension Bridge, drawn by Brunel

1841: Hungerford Suspension Footbridge built by Isambard Kingdom Brunel (longer than Clifton Suspension Bridge in Bristol).
 
1845: The Half built Hungerford Suspension Bridge in the "Grand Panorama of London" -

Hungerford Suspension Bridge, 1845
Half built Hungerford Suspension Bridge in the "Grand Panorama of London", 1845

1845: Hungerford Suspension Bridge photographed by Fox Talbot -

Hungerford Suspension Bridge, photograph by Fox Talbot 1845
Hungerford Suspension Bridge, photograph by Fox Talbot 1845

1851:  Hungerford Suspension Bridge, Shepherd -

Hungerford Suspension Bridge, Shepherd, 1851
Hungerford Suspension Bridge

1851: Modern London; or, London as it is by P. Cunningham -

HUNGERFORD SUSPENSION BRIDGE, called also Charing-Cross Bridge, crosses the Thames from Hungerford Market to Belvedere Road, Lambeth, is 1352 feet long, and is for foot-passengers only.

It was constructed under the direction of Mr. I. K. Brunel, and opened April 18th, 1845.

It consists of three openings; the span of the centre is 676 feet 6 inches, and that of each of the side openings 333 feet. The height of the roadway from high-water mark is 22 feet 6 inches; at the piers, 28 feet; and in the centre, 32 feet. The clear width of the roadway is 14 feet. The piers are built on the natural bed of the river without piles.

The roadway is carried by four chains, in two lines, with single suspension-rods on each side, 12 feet apart. The chains pass over rollers in the upper part of the towers, so as to equalise the strain, and are secured in tunnels at the abutments to two iron girders, 44 feet long and 5 feet deep, solidly embedded in a mass of brickwork in cement, further strengthened and backed up with concrete.

The span of the central opening is greater than that of any suspension-bridge in Britain. It is only second to the suspension-bridge at Fribourg, in Switzerland, the span of which, from pier to pier, is nearly 900 foot.

The first stone was laid in 1841; and the total cost, including the purchase of property, parliamentary, law, and other expenses, was £110,000 In 1845, the bridge was sold to the original proprietors for the sum of £226,000, but only the first instalment was paid, and the purchase was thus void. The toll charged is a halfpenny each person each way.

Bridge finances -

[Hungerford Bridge], renamed Charing Cross bridge in 1848, was a pedestrian suspension bridge which attracted considerable traffic, particularly after the opening of Waterloo station, so that its toll revenue for the years 1845, 1850, 1851 and 1853 averaged £25,000 annually . Initially at least it also derived revenue from river steamers using its piers, so as its cost was £80,000 and £125,000 was realised by sale to the South Eastern Railway in 1864, it was a good investment. The railway company replaced it with a railway bridge but maintained footpaths and continued to collect tolls until 1878 when the Metropolitan Board of Works paid £98,540.

1856: The removal of the old London bridge changed the tidal currents around Hungerford Bridge. A survey showed that the increased currents had scoured away a considerable amount of sediment -

1856: 1823 London Bridge tidal scour
1856: The changes to the river above the 1823 London Bridge

The above may throw some light on the subsequent development?

1864: The bridge was bought by the South Eastern Railway and demolished and Charing Cross Railway Bridge replaced Brunel’s suspension footbridge, the chains of which were removed for use in Clifton Suspension Bridge. 1,200 feet long.
Nine wrought-iron girders are supported on cast-iron cylinders and on the two arched brick river-piers preserved from Brunel’s suspension bridge. Engineer: John Hawkshaw. Contractor: South Eastern Railway
 
1871?  Charing Cross Railway Bridge, Camille Pissarro.  The date is a deduction from the fact that this is the only year that I can find he visited London -

Charing Cross Railway Bridge, 1871? Pissarro
Charing Cross Railway Bridge, 1871? Pissarro

To go with the painting there is this poem by Emile Verhaeren:

Et ce Londres de fonte et de bronze, mon âme,
Où des plaques de fer claquent sous des hangars,
Où des voiles s'en vont, sans Notre-Dame
Pour étoile, s'en vont, là-bas, vers les hasards.
 
Gares de suie et de fumée, où du gaz pleure
Ses spleens d'argent lointain vers des chemins d'éclair,
Où des bêtes d'ennui bâillent à l'heure
Dolente immensément, qui tinte à Westminster.
 
Et ces quais infinis de lanternes fatales,
Parues dont les fuseaux plongent aux profondeurs,
Et ces marins noyés, sous les pétales
Des fleurs de boue où la flamme met des lueurs.
 
Et ces châles et ces gestes de femmes soûles,
Et ces alcools de lettres d'or jusques aux toits,
Et tout à coup la mort, parmi ces foules ;
O mon âme du soir, ce Londres noir qui traîne en toi !

I have tried to translate it poetically – here are three other translations. If you want a laugh copy the french above and then try it on Babel Fish

And what, my soul, of this cast iron and brass London?
Where the iron plates ring in the workshops?
And they set sail without Our Lady’s star to guide
Taking their chances on their destination.
 
In stations of soot and smoke where the gaslights weep
Their sad silver so far away from the lighted streets
The baleful beasts bellow on time
Their sorrowful sounds echoing around Westminster.
 
And these unending quays lined with dim lanterns
Appearing as torches carried down to the depths.
And these drowned sailors, fathoms under the mud,
Flower where the flame gleams.
 
And these steps like these gestures of drunken women,
And these tipsy letters of gold up to the rooftops,
And, all of a sudden, death among these crowds;
O my dark soul, this black London drags you down!

1886: The bridge was widened to increase the number of railway tracks from four to eight.

1896: Whistler -

Charing Cross Railway Bridge, Whistler 1896
Charing Cross Railway Bridge, Whistler, 1896

1897: Charing Cross Railway Bridge, James Dredge -

Charing Cross Railway Bridge, James Dredge, 1897
Charing Cross Railway Bridge, James Dredge, 1897
© Oxfordshire County Council Photographic Archive; D230153a

1901: Monet -

Charing Cross Bridge, Monet
Charing Cross Bridge, Monet, 1901

Claude Monet painted Charing Cross Bridge, London in 1901, during the last of three consecutive winter trips to the English capital. The artist stayed on the sixth floor of the Savoy Hotel; looking to his right he could see the railway bridge running from Charing Cross Station and beyond it the neo-Gothic towers of the Palace of Westminster.
The canvas reveals Monet's fascination with the golden light of early morning, filtered through London's characteristic fog, which is dispersed and transformed into veils of lavender-pink, lemon yellow, and powder blue. The overall mood is expansive, encompassing the past, as seen in the city's historic architecture, as well as the present, represented by a speeding train.

 

1921 -


Charing Cross Railway and Underground and Tram links, 1921, Popular Science

Hungerford Bridge © 2001 Doug Myers
Hungerford Bridge © 2001 Doug Myers, at sunset

2000: A £50m Hungerford Bridge Millennium Project was started to provide additional pedestrian access.  Two multispan footbridges have been constructed, each 320m long and 4.7m wide giving passage from the South Bank to the Surrey Pier (Brunel’s original now restored).  The scheme which consists of two new suspension footbridges supported by white-painted steel rods which fan out from slanting steel pylons. A daring structure that echoes Brunel's original suspension bridge on the site.
The new bridges provide a spectacular view of London’s riverside especially at night.  The lighting concept aimed to achieve two main goals - to provide safe passage across the Thames after dark whilst maintaining views and to provide an appropriate expression to the structure creating a new landmark after dark.
Architect: Lifschutz Davidson. Engineer: WSP Group. Contractor: Costain/Norwest Holst -

Charing Cross Railway Bridge with footbridges
Charing Cross Railway Bridge with footbridges

 


Charing Cross Railway Bridge going upstream

Tattershall Castle, left bank, now a restaurant

Bakerloo Line Tunnel

1906

Jubilee Line Tunnel

1999

Map: London Eye

London Eye, official site
 
London Eye, webcam

 

Waterloo Millenium Pier, right bank (East), next to County Hall

 

Map: County Hall

Right bank (East)
Previously home of the Greater London County Council (GLC). Part of the family silver - but heartlessly and vindictively sold off ... [ I could say very very much more ... Aargh!!! ]

London Aquarium, right bank, between Westminster Bridge and County Hall

Westminster Millenium Pier, left bank, just below Westminster Bridge

 
 
 
 
Upstream to Westminster Bridge




Introduction
Estuary
PLA
QEII Br
Barrier
Tower Br
Custom Ho
London Br
; Frost Fairs
Cannon St Rb
The Great Stink
Southwark Br
Millenium Br
Blackfriars Rb
Blackfriars Br
Waterloo Br
Charing Cross Rb
Westminster Br
Lambeth Br
Vauxhall Br
Victoria Rb
Chelsea Br
Albert Br
Battersea Br
Battersea Rb
Wandsworth Br
Fulham Rb
Putney Br
Hammersmith Br
Barnes Rb
Chiswick Br
Kew Rb
Kew Br
RICHMOND
Twickenham Br
Richmond Rb
Richmond Br
TEDDINGTON
Kingston Rb
Kingston Br
Ditton Slip
Hampton Br
MOLESEY
SUNBURY
Walton Br
Desborough Cut
SHEPPERTON
Chertsey Br
CHERTSEY
M3 Br
Laleham Slip
PENTON HOOK
Staines Rb
Staines Br
Runnymede Br
BELL WEIR
Magna Carta Is
OLD WINDSOR
Albert Br
Datchet
Victoria Br
Black Potts Rb
ROMNEY
Eton
Windsor Br
Windsor Rb
Windsor Slip
Elizabeth Br
BOVENEY
Dorney Lake
York Cut
Summerleaze Fb
MonkeyIsland
New Thames Br
BRAY
Bray Slip
Maidenhead Rb
Maidenhead Br
Below Boulters
BOULTERS
Cliveden
Hedsor
COOKHAM
Cookham Slip
Cookham Br
BourneEnd RFb
Quarry Woods
A404 Br
MARLOW
Marlow Br
Bisham
TEMPLE
HURLEY
Medmenham
Culham Ct
Aston Slip
HAMBLEDEN
Temple Is
Fawley Ct
Remenham
Regatta
Phyllis Ct
Henley Slip
Leander
Red Lion
Henley Br
Angel on Br
Landing
Hobbs Boatyard
Hobbs Slipway
MARSH
Hennerton
Bolney
Wargrave
Shiplake Rb
R.Loddon
SHIPLAKE
Sonning Br
SONNING
Dreadnought
K&A Canal
CAVERSHAM
Reading Br
Caversham Br
Reading Slip
Purley
MAPLEDURHAM
Hardwick Ho
Whitchurch Br
WHITCHURCH
Hartswood Reach
Gatehampton Rb
Goring Gap
Goring Br
GORING
Swan
CLEEVE
Moulsford
Moulsford Rb
Papist Way Slip
Winterbrook Br
Wallingford Br
BENSON
Shillingford Br
R.Thame
DAYS
Burcot
Clifton Hampden
Clifton Church
Clifton H Br
Barley Mow
Long Wittenham
CLIFTON
Appleford Rb
Sutton Courtenay
Sutton Br
CULHAM
Culham Cut Fb
Abingdon Slip
Abingdon
Abingdon Br
ABINGDON
Nuneham Rb
Nuneham
Nuneham Park
Radley Boats
SANDFORD
Rose Island
Kennington Rb
Isis Br
Iffley Mill
IFFLEY
Oxford Rowing
Isis
Donnington Br
Riverside Slip
Boathouses
Punting
Lower Cherwell
Upper Cherwell
Islip
Head of River
Salters Steamers
Folly Br
Bacons Folly
Oxford Fb
Osney Fb
Weir stream
Osney Rb
Bullstake Stream
Osney Marina
OSNEY
Osney Br
Four Rivers
OLD RIVER
CANAL
Medley Weir Site
Medley Fb
Bossoms
Perch
Trout
GODSTOW
Godstow Nunnery
Godstow Br
Thames Br
KINGS
River Evenlode
EYNSHAM
Swinford Br
Oxford Cruisers
PINKHILL
Farmoor
Stanton Harcourt
Bablock Slip
Arks Weir Site
NORTHMOOR
Harts Fb
//Rose Revived
Newbridge
//Maybush
River Windrush
below Shifford
SHIFFORD
Shifford Fb
Tenfoot Fb
Trout Inn
Tadpole Br
RUSHEY
Old Mans Fb
RADCOT
Radcot Cradle Fb
Swan Inn
Radcot New Br
Radcot Old Br
GRAFTON
Eaton Hastings
Kelmscott
Eaton Fb
BUSCOT
Bloomers Hole Fb
Trout Inn
St Johns Br
ST JOHNS
Halfpenny Br
Marina Slip
LIMIT
Inglesham
Hannington Br
Kempsford
Castle Eaton Br
Marston Meysey
A419 Br
Cricklade
SOURCE?
THAMES HEAD
SEVEN SPRINGS